You are here

General information about Kokkola

Kokkola is located in Central Ostrobothnia, on the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. The city is the region's financial, administrative, educational and cultural epicentre, and was founded in 1620 by the Swedish king Gustav Adolf II.

The municipality of Kaarlela was incorporated in 1977, and the municipalities of Kälviä, Lohtaja and Ullava in 2009.

Over the last few decades, the industrial city of Kokkola has turned increasingly into a city of commerce, services, education and research. The city’s versatile structure of production is one of its fortes.

The most notable sectors are the chemical, metal and engineering, and boat industries, with information and communications technology the most recent addition.

Kokkola is also an important centre of agricultural production. In terms of the number of dairy cattle and milk profits, this is the largest milk production area in the country.

The city’s bilingualism provides a rich ingredient that has played its part in promoting the internationalisation of the city and its business life.

On entering 2018, Kokkola’s population was 47,723. The number of inhabitants has been growing rapidly over the last few years. Of the city's inhabitants, 84,0 per cent speak Finnish as a first language, while 12,6 per cent speak Swedish and 3,4 per cent some other language.

The city’s population density is 32.39  inhabitants per km2. Measured by population, Kokkola is Finland's 22nd city.


  • land 1,444 km2

Taxation in 2019

  • income tax percentage is 21.75%
  • real estate tax for permanent residence is 0.70%
  • general real estate tax is 1.25%

Back to top

Updated 24/05/2019 | Send feedback | Print