National urban parks comprise Finland’s most valuable natural and cultural sites located within towns and cities as well as the areas in their immediate vicinity. National urban parks highlight the best aspects of Finnish urban life, culture and nature. Like a necklace of pearls, they join together the story of Finland’s national history and cultural development. In the Kokkola National Urban Park, you can enjoy the maritime cultural heritage, attractive architecture and landscapes shaped by land uplift.
The special features of the Kokkola National Urban Park include its maritime environment, land uplift, and historical elements such as economic and settlement history and the layered and preserved urban framework. In addition, the diverse and extensive nature areas and comprehensive recreational services are an important part of the urban park.
The Kokkola National Urban Park highlights the story of how a small village located along the slowly-rising coastline and sustained by agriculture, fishing and seal hunting went on to engage in shipbuilding, tar burning and trade and to grow to be a vibrant and international trading city that formed its own educated classes and urban bourgeoisie.
The phenomenon of land uplift has had – and still has – a significant impact on the interaction between the sea and the land in Kokkola. The shallow shores and receding sea have forced the city residents to move the harbours further and further away from the city centre. The maritime, coastal and archipelago nature of the national urban park is also clearly characterised by the phenomenon of land uplift: nature is constantly changing, constantly in a dynamic process of ecological succession.
Kokkola National Urban Park was established in 2020. It covers an area of almost 20,000 hectares, and is mostly comprised of water areas. The park stretches from Kokkola railway station to the maritime archipelago and the Tankar Lighthouse.National Urban Parks in Finland